declined for the second year in a row in 2010, according to new findings by the nonpartisan
Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI).
Data from the 2010 EBRI/MGA Consumer Engagement in Health Care Survey show that the
percentage of workers who reported that their employer contributed $1,000 or more to their
account-based health plan declined from 37 percent in 2008 to 28 percent in 2010.
The study found the drop in employer contributions may have been due to the weak economy.
However, workers with employee-only coverage responded to the decrease from employers by
increasing their own personal contributions; workers with family coverage did not increase their
The analysis is based on the 2008, 2009, and 2010 EBRI/MGA Consumer Engagement in Health
Care Survey and the 2006 and 2007 EBRI/Commonwealth Fund Consumerism in Health Care
Surveys. It examines the availability of health reimbursement arrangement (HRA) and health
saving account (HSA) eligible plans (consumer-driven health plans, or CDHPs), as well as
employer and individual contribution behavior. The full report is published in the March 2011
EBRI Notes, "Employer and Worker Contributions to Account-Based Plans, 2006-2010," and is
available online at www.ebri.org
Employment-based health benefits are the most common form of health insurance in the United
States, but skyrocketing expenses have forced employers to seek ways to control their costs. In
recent years, employers increasingly have turned to account-based health plans--a combination
of health plans with deductibles of at least $1,000 for employee-only coverage and tax-preferred
savings or spending accounts that workers and their families can use to pay their out-of-pocket
health care expenses. There were 22 million people enrolled in a CDHP or in a high-deductible
health plan (HDHP) in 2010.
"The recession had a profound effect on employers, and they are continuing to look for ways to
cut health care costs while empowering their workers to make cost-conscious decisions about
their health," said Paul Fronstin, director of EBRI's Health Research and Education Program and
author of the report. "Individuals with employee-only coverage also responded to the need to
take control of their health care cost by increasing their contributions in a poor economy."
Other findings in the report:
? Income Differences: Not surprisingly, lower-income persons with HSAs are less likely
to make a contribution to the account than higher-income persons. One-fifth of persons
in households with less than $50,000 in income did not contribute to the account in 2010,
compared with 12 percent of persons with $50,000 or more in household income who did
not contribute. For the lower-income group, the percentage contributing $1,500 or more
increased between 2009 and 2010 from 21 percent to 31 percent, but among the higherincome
group, the percentage contributing $1,500 or more fell from 54 percent to 47
? Health Differences: Persons with a health condition were slightly more likely than those
without one to contribute to an HSA. Those with health problems contribute slightly
more than those without health problems. Among persons without health problems,
40 percent contributed $1,500 or more in 2010. Similarly, 51 percent of those with a
health problem contributed $1,500 or more in 2010.
EBRI is a private, nonprofit research institute based in Washington, DC, that focuses on health,
savings, retirement, and economic security issues. EBRI does not lobby and does not take policy