Investors shifted record amounts out of U.S. stock funds and into bonds, while withdrawing money from emerging-market equities for a 15th straight week, according to Citigroup Inc.
U.S. equity funds had $24 billion of outflows in the week to Feb. 5, according to a report today from the research unit of the third-largest U.S. bank. Withdrawals from stock funds worldwide totaled $28.3 billion, the report said, citing data from EPFR Global, a fund research company in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Money managers plowed $13 billion into U.S. bond funds, accounting for most of the $14.8 billion that flowed into debt worldwide. All the figures for the period are record highs.
Bonds beat stocks last month for the first time since August as a slowdown in U.S. jobs growth and turmoil in emerging markets from China to Argentina drove demand for the safest securities. The Federal Reserve’s decision to taper its bond purchases in January and again in February did more to temper the appeal of high-risk assets than reduce demand for U.S. debt.
“Recent figures spooked people into thinking global growth is not as good as expected, so they sold off on equities and went into safe havens,” said Daphne Roth, the Singapore-based head of Asian equity research at ABN Amro Private Banking, which oversees about $207 billion. Roth sold stocks in late January and is holding the money in cash, she said.
Payrolls in the U.S. rose less than projected in January as retailers cut back after the holidays and government hiring fell. The unemployment rate unexpectedly declined to 6.6 percent.
The 113,000 gain in employment followed a 75,000 increase the prior month, Labor Department figures showed today in Washington. The median forecast of economists in a Bloomberg survey called for a 180,000 advance. The unemployment rate dropped to the lowest level since October 2008 even as more Americans entered the labor force.
Investors pulled $6.4 billion out of emerging-market equity funds in the period, according to the report by Markus Rosgen and Yue Hin Pong in Hong Kong. It was the biggest outflow since August 2010, the report said.
Bill Gross, who oversees the world’s biggest bond fund at Pacific Investment Management Co. (Pimco), said this week the pace of economic growth in China is among the biggest questions in developing nations and the largest risks for markets.
“We’re just going to have to wonder going forward through this year as to the potential problems in China and other emerging markets,” he said on Bloomberg Television.
The Bank of America Merrill Lynch Global Broad Market Index returned 1.6 percent in January, including reinvested interest, while the MSCI All-Country World Index of stocks lost 4 percent.
A Bloomberg customized gauge tracking 20 developing-nation currencies fell 3.1 percent in January and has rebounded 0.8 percent this month.
Fed policy makers cut their purchases of Treasury and mortgage debt in two steps to $65 billion a month from $85 billion, citing improvement in the outlook for the labor market.