The U.S. government may lose its AAA credit rating even if lawmakers reach a plan to avoid a default, said Mohamed A. El-Erian, whose Pacific Investment Management Co. is the world’s largest manager of bond funds.
“In most likelihood, a last-minute political compromise will avoid a default but will leave the AAA rating extremely vulnerable,” El-Erian, the Newport Beach, California-based chief executive officer and co-chief investment officer at Pimco, wrote in an e-mail. “Stock markets around the globe will look to price in a greater uncertainty premium on account of political squabbles in the world’s largest economy and the increasing risk that it may lose its sacred AAA rating.”
House Speaker John Boehner plans to press ahead with a shorter-term increase in the U.S. debt limit than President Barack Obama has requested, he told lawmakers yesterday, defying a veto threat and signaling continued stalemate in the U.S. Congress as time runs short for a deal. The impasse has boosted the chance S&P will cut the U.S. credit rating from AAA within three months to 50 percent, the company said July 21.
Treasuries fell last week as talks collapsed between Obama and Boehner over a deficit-cutting package as part of an agreement that would lift the nation’s debt ceiling. Yields on benchmark 10-year notes rose six basis points, or 0.06 percentage point, to 2.96 percent on July 22, according to Bloomberg Bond Trader prices. That’s still below the five-year average of 3.71 percent.
U.S. stock futures dropped today, indicating the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index will slump after rallying within 1.4 percent of a three-year high, as failure to raise the federal debt limit intensified concern of a default. S&P 500 futures expiring in September lost 0.9 percent to 1,329.60 at 8:36 a.m. in Tokyo.
Boehner told rank-and-file Republicans during a conference call yesterday that they needed to pull together as a team to block Obama, who has asked for a $2.4 trillion borrowing boost in the $14.3 trillion debt ceiling, from obtaining the money all at once, without any guarantees of spending cuts. His remarks were described on condition of anonymity by a person familiar with the discussion.
“The debt ceiling debacle unambiguously translates into an intensification of the already-strong headwinds facing U.S. growth and employment creation,” El-Erian said.
The U.S. economy probably expanded in the second quarter at the slowest pace in a year as higher fuel costs crimped consumer spending and supply disruptions limited production, economists said before a report this week. Gross domestic product rose at a 1.8 percent annual pace after a 1.9 percent gain in the previous three months, according to the median forecast of 69 economists surveyed by Bloomberg News before the Commerce Department’s July 29 report.