The European Central Bank refrained from cutting interest rates as President Mario Draghi faces pressure to reduce bond yields to protect the euro.

Policy makers meeting in Frankfurt today left the benchmark rate at a record low of 0.75 percent, as predicted by 51 of 55 economists in a Bloomberg News survey. Four predicted a cut to 0.50 percent. The deposit rate was held at zero. Draghi holds a press conference at 2:30 p.m. in Frankfurt.

Investors and politicians are clamoring for ECB action to quell Europe's sovereign debt crisis, which is threatening to cripple Spain and Italy and splinter the 17-nation monetary union. While Draghi signaled in London last week that he's prepared to intervene in bond markets to reduce soaring borrowing costs, he may face resistance from Germany's Bundesbank.

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